The key to running a successful ecommerce store is converting as many visitors as possible into paying customers. Every person that leaves without making a purchase is a potential sale that's been lost.
Companies spend billions each year trying to refine this process. Yet despite this fact, according to data collected by the Baymard Institute, 69.82% of online shopping carts are abandoned. That's almost 3/4 visitors leaving empty-handed.
In this article, we'll look at the top 10 causes of shopping cart abandonment and offer solutions to help your business decrease cart abandonment, boost your conversion rate and, ultimately, increase your revenue.
Shopping cart abandonment is the term for when potential customers add items to their shopping cart on your website, but then leave without completing the purchase.
It's an important ecommerce metric to track. Your cart abandonment rate is closely linked with your conversion rates and overall revenue, and is a great way to identify problem areas within your checkout experience.
A high cart abandonment rate means, at the last moment, something is dissuading customers not to purchase. This is caused by friction in the checkout process or another element of your user experience that's impacting the sales funnel.
To calculate your cart abandonment rate, take the number of purchases completed and divide it by the total number of shopping carts created. Once you've done this, subtract this number from 1 and multiply it by 100 to get the percentage.
In the example above, we have 30 completed purchases generated from a total of 300 carts for a cart abandonment rate of 90%. This would be a terrible abandonment rate for any business, and with results like these you would have some serious work to do to improve your cart experience.
Many shoppers lose interest when they get to a checkout and see unexpected extra costs like expensive shipping, extra taxes or other fees that weren't outlined before.
These additional costs leave a bad taste in the mouth of shoppers for two main reasons:
The simplest way to avoid losing customers to unseen costs is to make additional charges clear upfront. Allowing people to estimate shipping from the product page is just one example of this in practice.
Another common frustration for customers is when international customs fees or taxes aren't included in the price. If you're sending products internationally, consider automatically calculating these shipping costs to help reduce nasty surprises at checkout. Look for ways to be transparent about pricing with your customers.
"24% of people abandon their online shopping cart because they're asked to create an account.
For return shoppers, needing an account is no big deal. But first-time customers want a checkout experience that's lightning fast and friction-free. They don't want to enter their details and go through a lengthy account creation process—this causes them to get frustrated and abandon the transaction altogether.
Some fields, like address, phone number and other contact details, are essential. But anything more and you run the risk of alienating customers and losing the sale. Many customers don't want another membership or email newsletter. They just want to make a purchase order and go on with their day.
This is why it’s important to give customers the option of a guest checkout. This allows them to quickly and easily complete an online purchase without having to divulge all their personal details.
A quick, easy checkout process is one of the core reasons that people shop online. The more barriers that you place between a customer and their purchase, the more likely they'll be to abandon the process altogether.
According to Baymard's benchmark report, the average checkout flow is 5.2 steps— including 11.8 form fields. They found that most sites can reduce form length by 20-60%, and, crucially, only need 8 form fields for an optimal checkout flow.
Per Baymard, "The focus for the purposes of reducing checkout abandonments should be much less on whether a checkout should be 3, 4, or 5 steps and more on how to reduce the number of visible form fields to the minimum required for users to complete the checkout optimization process."
Aim to reduce the number of text fields a customer has to complete. In addition to this, with a platform like Paperform you can use conditional logic to fill in details based on previous information and make forms personalised to each customer.
By doing so, you'll see a dramatic improvement in your overall cart abandonment rate. Here are a few strategies to cut down the length of your form:
74% of US internet users are more concerned with their internet privacy than they've ever been. With identity fraud and a range of other cybercrimes on the rise, folks are becoming increasingly careful about sharing their payment details online.
Your website may be totally secure. But if there's even a seed of doubt about your site security or legitimacy, potential customers will take their business elsewhere. Luckily there are a few things you can do to allay any fears people may have.
Firstly, it's imperative to install an SSL certificate and make it visible. It acts as a seal of trust to reassure prospective buyers. Also make sure people can pay via recognised payment options like PayPal, Stripe and Square as well as by credit card—by aligning yourself with brands customers already trust, you legitimise your own business.
Featuring customer testimonials is another good way to reinforce that your website is secure. With 92% of customers reading online reviews before making a purchase, social proof reassures customers your business is trustworthy and worth purchasing from.
Picture this: a customer spends hours browsing your online store, stacking their virtual shopping basket with various items that've caught their eye. Then, just as they hit the 'Buy' button. . . The website crashes.
In this instance, could you blame them for abandoning the purchase in frustration? Site errors, crashes and even frustratingly long load times all have the potential to deter potential customers from completing a purchase.
The best way to avoid this unenviable situation is by making sure your website is at optimal performance at all times. Regularly crawl your website for errors, and listen to customer feedback to identify situations when people have encountered issues.
It's also important to keep any website plugins you use up to date. WordPress sites are commonly slowed down by poorly optimised plugins. Check site speed through web development tools like Google Pagespeed Insights to see where errors occur.
This also extends to mobile usability. 52% of all website traffic comes from mobile phones. Think about that. More than half. That means your site can't just cater to desktop users—navigating through your store and checkout has to be just as smooth on mobile.
Adding an option for cart recovery, so customers can return to the contents of their online shopping cart later, means that even if the worst does happen, you may not lose the customer altogether by aiding them to begin their purchase from scratch.
In an ideal world, every customer would be completely satisfied with every purchase, and products would never be faulty or damaged upon delivery. But we don't live in that world. Mistakes happen.
Occasionally, the need will arise for customers to return their purchases. When this happens, customers want the process to be three things: straightforward, simple and fair. A complicated and unfair return policy is a recipe for cart abandonment.
Take the time to establish a returns policy that works for your business and potential customers. For example, fashion retailer The Iconic was able to grow immense brand loyalty by offering free returns on all items for 30-days, a practice that has since been adopted by many businesses.
Think about how you can provide value to customers while sustaining your business. Once you've done this, make your return policy easily accessible across your website, including on the checkout page, so customers aren't taken by surprise after they have bought an item.
Online retail has never been more competitive. There are millions of stores offering the same or similar products, and as a result, smaller retailers struggle to match the prices offered by giant companies like Amazon.
As we covered earlier, online shoppers are bargain hunters. They are always on the lookout for the cheapest deal. And if they find one, they won't hesitate to abandon their shopping cart—unless you give them another reason to shop with you.
While you should always be aware of your prices in relation to direct competitors, it's not all about price. Instituting a loyalty program can incentivise repeat purchases, but so can a good customer experience or a notable brand mission.
Coupon codes can be useful to drum up business. They can be sent in cart abandonment emails, which you can setup to automatically generate and send when customers abandon their cart before purchasing.
One of the main drawbacks of ecommerce is that, unlike a brick-and-mortar store, customers have to wait to receive their products.
This isn't always an issue. But, as any person who has ever bought a last-minute Christmas present online will be able to tell you, fast shipping can be the difference between making—or losing—a sale.
Speed isn't everything. Some customers may prefer to wait a little longer if it means saving money on shipping.
Give people the ability to choose between couriers and postage times. This allows them to customise shipment to their needs, and makes it much more likely they'll go through with the sale.
If your business has overseas customers, make sure to include support for different currencies too. Adding localised currencies can help customers feel like your service is catered to them—and also means they won't have to leave your site to calculate an exchange rate.
Any business wants to make the most sales possible. It can be tempting to want to cross-sell and upsell to maximise each purchase. But a "do you want fries with that" sales strategy can run the risk of scaring customers off altogether.
Be cautious when upselling. Instead of trying to shove your products down people's throats, upsell by adding further value.
Use strategies like offering relevant product recommendations based on previous purchases, or adding a 'customer also viewed' section to up-sell without seeming overbearing.
Cart recovery emails are another good way to upsell organically. Say a customer has filled and abandoned their cart. You could send an email inviting them to return to your store to purchase the products, and add a discount code for good measure. This way both parties receive benefits.
There may be any number of other reasons that customers leave a website before purchasing, but by understanding and tackling these common causes, you put your business in good stead to minimise cart abandonment.
Keeping things simple is always a good place to start. Whether that’s in regards to your shipping options, payment methods, returns policy, or your website design. It all comes down to one broad idea: the easier you make things for your customers, the more likely they'll be to buy from you.
Wondering where to start? Try collecting customer feedback—after all, they're the ones purchasing from you in the first place. Armed with this handy data you can then look at your website analytics to paint the full picture.
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