Ecommerce or E-Commerce: What's the Correct Spelling?

/ ecommerce / 3 min read
Jack Delaney

There’s something haunting the Paperform Content team. We can’t eat. We can’t sleep. We can barely even muster the energy to binge Ted Lasso, and it’s an utterly delightful program.

Like the Dementors in Harry Potter, this dark shadow looms over our every move. And we aren't alone—marketers, online retailers, and even Wikipedia itself has grappled with this slippery foe.

But enough is enough. It’s time to face it once and for all. To swallow our pride and finally learn: what is the correct spelling of e-commerce?

The (Many) Different Spellings of Ecommerce

We all know what ecommerce is. We use it every day to order coffee beans or rent a movie or get Thai milk tea delivered yet again. So why doesn’t anyone know how to spell it?

Seriously, a quick Google search of ecommerce (or Ecommerce or e-commerce even "ecomm") brings up a dizzying array of results that raise more questions than answers. These are just the variations of ecommerce we found on the first page:

Ecommerce e-commerce eCommerce ecommerce E-commerce ECommerce

Six different ways of spelling ecommerce. How is it that we’ve sent billionaires into space and have cars that can drive themselves, but we can’t work out whether to use a hyphen, capitalization, or a cute lower-case ‘e’?

As a company that’s been guilty of our own fair share of shenanigans with the term, there are two questions to ask:

  • What’s causing this confusion?
  • What’s the proper ecommerce spelling?

What’s causing this confusion?

You can blame email. Kinda. A similar phenomenon occurred when electronic mail (aka email) was invented. Email is now spelled “email”, but it took 30 years and a whole bunch of different spelling variations to arrive at that point.

It wasn’t until 2011 that the Associated Press stylebook, the de facto style guide for the majority of the world’s news media, announced that the preferred spelling was “email” — a change from the previous “e-mail”.

Just as email refers to electronic mail, ecommerce refers to electronic commerce. Both are new words to reflect digital evolutions of pre-existing terms, so it makes sense that they would suffer the same growing pains.

So, following that principle, we should spell it ecommerce, right? Right? Well, not according to AP:

“AP uses hyphenated e- for generic terms such as e-commerce and e-strategies… For company names, use their preference: eBay.”

This hyphenation theorem is backed up by leading dictionaries. Cambridge, Oxford, Collins, Merriam-Webster and Macmillan dictionaries all agree: e-commerce is the way to go.

So case closed, right? Not quite. There are still a few nagging concerns.

Firstly, what makes e-commerce more “generic” than email? Surely the 4.2 trillion dollars it contributed in 2020 alone means it deserves its own moniker? It’s own conclusive spelling? Secondly, who decided on this whole hyphen caper and why weren’t ecommerce websites consulted?

Huge brands like Shopify, WordPress, BigCommerce and Amazon use ecommerce. Neglecting to listen to the opinion of these platforms would be like if Martin Scorsese offered to teach you how to direct a movie, and you said, “No thanks, Marty. I’ve got it covered.”

The question then becomes: should we trust AP and the astute folks at the Oxford Dictionary? Or should we band behind these ecommerce solutions and follow them to this new horizon? We believe the latter.

How to Spell Ecommerce: Final Verdict

Ecommerce is here to stay. With online shopping expected to account for 21% of all global sales by 2024, it’s high time we stopped treating it as a second-class citizen.

If we’re to follow the precedent set by email, ecommerce deserves more than a tacked on -e. It deserves to be freed from this lowercase, uppercase, hyphenated nightmare. To be given a cleaner; more professional and consistent look.

Above all, it deserves to be spelled in the correct way.

And the correct spelling is ecommerce.


🙋‍♀️ Ecommerce Spelling FAQs

Is ecommerce or e-commerce AP style?
AP stylebook dictates that you use a hyphen to spell “e-commerce”.

Is ecommerce capitalized?
No matter which way you choose to write ecommerce, you should always capitalise it at the beginning of a sentence or when used in a title. Only capitalise the E, for example, “Ecommerce”, not “ECommerce".

What does ecommerce mean?
The definition of ecommerce is any transaction that takes place over the internet, though it’s most often used in reference to online shopping.

What is ecommerce in English?
Ecommerce refers to the buying and selling of products and services over an electronic medium, usually the internet.

About the author
Jack Delaney
Jack is Paperform's Content Manager, based in Sydney, Australia. He loves hard-boiled crime fiction, Michael Mann movies and coffee as black as midnight on a moonless night. ||

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